Types of Spine Tumors

Spinal tumors can be among the most debilitating tumors because the brain and the spinal cord form the central nervous system. Tumors that inhibit the central nervous system can affect the control of walking, talking, breathing and digesting food.

Spine tumors are abnormal growths of tissue found in and around the spine. There are three types of spine tumors:

  • Vertebral Column tumors: Osteogenic sarcoma is the most common malignant bone tumor. Tumors like these originate in the vertebral column and are rare and grow at a slower pace.
  • Intradural-Extramedullary tumors: These tumors grow within the spinal canal and are benign and slow growing. However, they can cause symptoms of pain and weakness.
  • Intramedullary tumors: These tumors grow from inside the spinal cord or inside the individual nerves, most often in the neck. They tend to be benign, but surgery to remove the tumor may be difficult. The two most common types of intramedullary tumors are astrocytomas and ependymomas.

Our center treats spinal tumors using CyberKnife® technology. During the procedure, tumors are precisely targeted with high-dose radiation. Treatment is completed in five or fewer procedures without incisions or sedation and patients typically return to their normal routines immediately following treatment.

This is not intended as medical advice to replace the expertise and judgment of your health care team. It is intended to help you and your family make informed decisions, together with your doctor.